Growing blueberries from seed are not too difficult, but it does require some patience and adequate preparation. Collect the tiny, reddish brown seeds from the sieve. No, the seeds are inside the fruit, and it takes a little work to separate them from the pulp. How to grow blueberries from seeds. Fill a blender three-quarters full with fresh water and pour in 3/4 cup of blueberries. Thin the blueberry seedlings to two per pot once they grow to 2 inches. One year old branches can be used. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Once the fruit is mashed, remove the floating pulp. Add a little water to the berries as you do this. It may take several years when growing blueberries from seed before the plant will produce any significant amount of fruit. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Once you have gathered the blueberry bush seeds, they must be scarified. Growing Wild Blueberries from Seed. Gather blueberries in summer after they ripen to a solid, bluish-black color and the flesh yields to slight pressure. Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with blue or purple berries. Add a little water to the berries as you do this. Blueberry Growing Tips. If you want to try growing blueberries using seeds, then you have to extract them from the berries first. Growing blueberries is really easy and can produce great results. Blueberries are relatively easy to look after. First, freeze the blueberries for 90 days to stratify the seeds. To prepare blueberry seeds for planting, the fruit will need to be macerated. Once the 90 days have elapsed, the seeds can be used immediately or kept in the freezer until you are ready to plant them. Fill 12-inch nursery pots with a moistened mixture of equal parts milled peat, coarse sand and loam. Run the blender for 10 to 15 minutes to macerate the berries. Keep the seeds in a warm, sunny area (60-70 degrees F/15-21 C). How to grow blueberries in a garden. Blueberry seed planting should commence in the fall in warm climates and in the spring in more northerly climes. Propagation. Blueberries do not self pollinate, which means they are rather unpredictable and their offspring do not duplicate the parent. Vaccinium also includes cranberries, bilberries, huckleberries and Madeira blueberries. is native to northern New England and Atlantic Canada. Maine’s lowbush, or wild, blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.) Blueberry Propagation Blueberries usually are propagated from softwood or hardwood cuttings by cutting selected twigs from healthy, disease-free mother plants. Keep the strongest, most vigorous of the seedlings and remove the weaker ones. Remove the newspaper and the germination mat after seedlings emerge. This species of blueberry grows as a field crop in acidic, well-draining soils. The quickest way to propagate blueberries is with shoot cuttings, but you can also grow them from seeds. If you don't have a blender, crush the blueberries in a bowl with a potato masher, and soak them in water overnight to loosen the seeds. They are classified in the section Cyanococcus within the genus Vaccinium. If lacking in sunlight, suspend a fluorescent light about 14 inches (36 cm.) Cold stratification will break the seeds’ rest period so they are ready for planting. This can be done in a food processor, blender or mashed in a bowl. These seeds will actually produce new plants just as they do in the wild setting, slowly carpeting the area with new plants. of soil. Give your blueberry plant 1 to 2 inches of water per week and avoid overwatering it. The more sunlight you give a blueberry plant, the better off it will be. Pour the blueberry pulp into a large mixing bowl and let it stand for five minutes. Cold stratific… Sign up for our newsletter. Blueberries are cold weather plants and need a few months of freezing to break the seed dormancy. There are three main types of plant: lowbush, highbush and rabbiteye. How to plant and grow blueberries in the garden The most critical factor to growing blueberries successfully is the soil. Bore, grey or recycled water is therefore unsuitable. Blueberry propagation is relatively easy and gives good results, but it takes at least a year to get a well rooted plant that can be planted to it’s final location. Ensure the soil stays at pH of 5.5 or lower, to avoid problems. Plant in full sun, though they can handle some afternoon shade. Print. It's a technique called mound layering. In early spring, choose a healthy shoot and cut off the last 5 inches of growth from the tip of the stem. Keep the compost or soil moist, but not soaking wet. Blueberries are easy to grow in well prepared sites, require little care. How to Plant Blueberry Plants. ; Soak bare-rooted plants in … Seeds will sink to the bottom. Sprinkle a pinch of blueberry seeds across the surface of the soil. Once the blueberry bush seed plants are big enough to transplant, move them into pots in a sunny, warm area and keep moist. Propagating Blueberries From Cuttings I am sharing my experiences on how to reproduce blueberry bushes from softwood and hardwood cuttings so that you can get free blueberry plants from a blueberry bush. The best time to start […] You may need to add water several times to remove the pulp completely. Remove the blueberries from the freezer after the cold stratification period has ended. Blueberries can be grown from seed very easily, but you do need to follow these instructions very closely. Seeds will sink to the bottom. Cuttings are placed in propagation beds in a medium that holds moisture well but also allows adequate aeration. Blueberries contain small seeds almost not recognizable in comparison with other berries like raspberries or blackberries. Be patient; blueberry seed planting may take six to eight weeks to germinate, some not for three months. If your garden soil is alkaline (above 6.0), grow blueberries in containers of ericaceous compost. Be sure to select a variety that is rated for your growing climate. Spread them out to dry on a sheet of newspaper. Use a plant mister or a spray bottle to water because a watering can or other strong water stream will dislodge the tiny seeds. They are grown for their use in the canning industry, and for making various desserts, teas and juices. When purchasing blueberries, select at least two varieties for cross-pollination. You may need to add water several times to remove the pulp completely. Store bought blueberries are a wonderful way to get free plants and tons of them too! The hybrid high bush seeds germinate more unreliable than their wild low bush relatives. Check the pH of the soil in spring and add sulphur chips if it needs lowering. Dig the hole twice the size of the roots, and back-fill with a rich compost mixture. In selecting a site, it is essential that adequate water is available for irrigation during the growing season. First, is a blueberry a seed? Nutrient Management for Lowbush Blueberry. The plants can then be set out in prepared rows, vacant areas in fields or as an ornamental ground cover plant for home landscaping. The resulting blueberry bush seed plants will bear fruit during year two when the plant is 1-2 feet (30-61 cm.) Once the fruit is mashed, remove the floating pulp. Warm the pots to between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit with a germination mat if daytime temperatures stay below 60 F. Maintain constant moisture in the top inch of soil while the blueberry seeds germinate. Water plants with rainwater, not tap water, unless you have no alternative in a drought. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Growing blueberries from seed is reliable when you're working with fresh seed, although the resulting shrub may not closely resemble the parent plant. Enrich the soil with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser.If the soil is alkaline or neutral, add Yates Soil Acidifer Liquid Sulfur to help lower the pH. Blueberry bushes are easy to grow, disease resistant, and can live for 30 to 40 years. Growing Blueberries From Seed. Remove all but the top two or three leaves, and plant the cutting immediately in a moist growing medium. To grow blueberries, plant a young blueberry plant in a raised garden bed that's in a sunny spot. So, again, be patient, but once established, the plant will keep you supplied with this super food for decades to come. in height. Tap water will raise the pH level and blueberries like acidic conditions. Now blueberries can be quite expensive, so I'm going to show you a way of propagating from one plant to make many plants. Spread a very scant layer of milled peat over the seeds so they are barely covered. Growing Blueberries. Pour the contents of the bowl through a fine sieve or wire mesh colander. Move the nursery pots to a sheltered spot outdoors with dappled shade. It's possible to propagate Lowbush Blueberry from half-ripe wood cuttings, but it's a slow process, and it isn't always successful. The growing blueberry seed plants can be fertilized with a liquid fertilizer after two to three weeks in their pots. As a second step in growing blueberry plants from seeds, you need to freeze these in the freezer compartment of your refrigerator for at least three months. Growing blueberries from seed is reliable when you're working with fresh seed, although the resulting shrub may not closely resemble the parent plant. Blueberry bushes are attractive as ornamental plants for your home landscape. Snip off the unwanted seedlings at soil-level with small scissors. Propagate Blueberries From Cuttings. Secure the lid. Best results are obtained if started inside in late winter or early spring, but they will germinate anytime of the year provided they are given ample light and warmth. Blueberry species such as the highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) and lowbush blueberry (V. angustifolium) serve a dual purpose in landscaping as both an ornamental ground cover and edible crop. While blueberries are tolerant of shade, better crops (and autumn colour) are obtained in the sun. Once you have gathered the blueberry bush seeds, they must be scarified. Transplant the blueberries into a sunny or lightly shaded bed with moist, acid soil the following autumn. February 23, 1967. Originally from forests littered with pine needles, blueberries prefer a soil enriched with organic matter, decomposed manure and a low pH of around 4–5. This video will show you how. This is done as a part of cold stratification of the seeds. Like many woody shrubs, blueberries can be propagated by taking softwood cuttings and rooting them. Growing blueberries from seeds is possible, but it tends to be restricted to lowbush blueberry plants.