Hebrews 12:15. If therefore we would hold a place in God’s sanctuary, we must learn to despise morsels of meat of this kind, by which Satan is wont to catch the reprobate. This is the second time he has taken advantage of me: He took my birthright, and now he’s taken my blessing!” Then he … We cannot suppose that the writer has in thought the material rights of the firstborn, such as his claim on pre-eminence and, possibly (see Deuteronomy 21:17), on a larger share of his father’s possessions. The character of Esau, from Scripture as well as tradition, will very well bear the designation πόρνος: and the balance of the sentence is better preserved by applying both to him, than by leaving πόρνος insulated. Among primitive nations the firstborn had eminent secular rights and honours; but in the Abrahamic family it implied a religious continuity of lineage, through which, according to the Abrahamic promise, Messiah was to be born. See the case of Isaac and his two sons, Jacob and Esau, in the history to which the apostle alludes, Genesis 27; and that of Jacob and his twelve sons, Genesis 49. He profanely cast away his spiritual privilege for the gratification of his palate. grows up to cause trouble and defile many. Hebrews 12:22-24 The Superiority of Christianity. The reflexive ἑαυτοῦ, which must be read, may seem to be superfluous; but it serves to intensify the unworthiness of the act). Hebrews 12:22-24 The Superiority of Christianity. ’ “for ye know that even though he was afterwards desirous to inherit the blessing he was rejected, though he sought it with tears; for he found no place of repentance”. Hebrews 12:20, 21 The Inferiority of Judaism. You have not come to a place like Mount Sinai # 12.18 a place like Mount Sinai: The Greek text has “a place,” but the writer is referring to the time that the Lord spoke to the people of Israel from Mount Sinai (see Exodus 19.16-25). Hebrews 4:12-16 EXEGESIS: THE BROAD CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright. annot. Afterwards Esau would have inherited the blessing, and sought it carefully with tears. None of the oldest authorities support κρείττονα of Rec. H. Evans says, "The twelfth chapter of Hebrews is again one of the great classic passages, this time on the Christian life" (214). Hebrews 12:16 . Bible in Basic English 12:16 And that there may not be any evil liver, or any man without respect for God, like Esau, who let his birthright go for a plate of food. The first-born had the right of conveying especial blessings and privileges when he came to die. See Romans 14:17. sold. Learn hence then, That such sinners as neglect the seeking of the blessing in God's time, have great reason to fear that they shall not find it in their own time, though they seek it with tears saltier than those of Esau. Classic writers employ for it ἡ πρεσβεία or τὸ πρεσβεῖον. And the city of the living GOD, the heavenly Jerusalem. as Esau, who for (on ἀντί, see on Hebrews 12:2) one meal sold (the use of ἀποδίδομαι, middle, for to sell, is common in good Greek) his own birthright (‘rights of primogeniture:’ τὰ πρωτοτόκια or - εῖα is the usual word in the LXX for the Heb. Bible > Interlinear Bible > Hebrews 12 Hebrews 12 Interlinear Bible. Lest there be any fornicator: uncleanness, pornov, is not to be taken so strictly, as only to note fornication, uncleanness committed by unmarried persons, but all sorts of pollution and filthiness, as it is used in the general decree, Acts 15:29; such defilements as had crept in among them already, to which many were propense and inclined, whence warned of and charged against it by James, Peter, and Jude, in their Epistles. But he was probably unacquainted with this. Read verse in American Standard Version The character is illustrated by the example of Esau, who, for a morsel of bread, sold his birthright. That is what Esau did when he sold his birthright (a sacred possession) for a mess of food (a temporal article). Ge 25:34 graphically portrays him. Fornication is nearly akin to gluttony, Esau's sin. iv. Hebrews 12:16 that [there be] no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a [single] meal. He thought so little of his rights as the older son, that he literally gave them away for a single meal. ; the third in Hebrews 12:16, "Lest there be any ... profane person," etc. bebelos. for one morsel of meat he sold his birthright. However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian church and revert to Jewish worship. Isaac would not change his mind, nor recall the blessing, which as a prophet of God he had conferred on Jacob. (Witham) --- Greek: Bebelos, profane, like Esau, who for a trifling meal could forfeit his right of primogeniture [first-begotten], and the honour of priesthood thereto attached. ... Every person (cf. In B and C the economy of GOD, more widely extended, is described, and that too in such a way in particular as will most gloriously appear at the last day, which is now present to our faith, Hebrews 12:26, ch. Hebrews 12:16 Translation & Meaning. Our apostle proceeds in these verses to warn them against such sins as would occasion their apostasy and falling from the grace of God, and they are fornication and profaneness; together, because they usually go together; fornicators, such especially as are habitually so, do always grow profane, and profane persons do set light by fornication, and they are sins very seldom forsaken; few fornicators and profane persons, do ever come to repentance. It was this which the writer wished to enforce. Immorality is always a danger, and many, like Esau, will be tempted to give away their future for a moment’s pleasure. Verses 16, 17. So Pliny, Ep., x. Hebrews 12 is the twelfth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The author is anonymous, although the internal reference to "our brother Timothy" (Hebrews 13:23) causes a traditional attribution to Paul, but this attribution has been disputed since the second century and there is no decisive evidence for the authorship. lest there be any fornicator or profane person as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. 17 For you know that afterward, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought it diligently with tears. and — Greek, “yea and,” “and moreover”; bringing out an additional circumstance. What does this verse really mean? (16) Lest there be.—Better (as in the last verse), whether there be. Hebrews / Hebrews 12 / Hebrews 12:16; Previous Book Previous Chapter Read the Full Chapter Next Chapter Next Book. ’ specific forms in which roots of bitterness might appear among them. Hebrews 12:16-18 New King James Version (NKJV). Hebrews 4:12-16. The Expositor's Greek Testament. For one morsel. § 201 Potter’s Appendix, p. 404, “Pilosus intemperatus libidinosusque est”) or profane person ( τουτέστι, γαστρίμαργος, κοσμικός, τὰ πνευματικὰ βεβηλῶν καὶ καταπατῶν, Thl. Hebrews 12:23): they must exercise holy self-control, if they wish not, like Esau, to forfeit them. 16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. By profane persons, understand such as mock religion, who lightly regard its promises and threatenings, who despise or neglect its worship, who speak irreverently of its concerns. Hebrews 12:16. This was his profaneness; and accordingly the Scripture says, Thus Esau despised his birthright. Fornicator (Hebrews 13:4; 1 Corinthians 10:8). Which birthright had many privileges belonging to him, but especially the honour of priesthood, all which did belong to the first-born. 12 For the word of God is alive and active. brosis. Same as "yield", Hebrews 12:11. birthright. What do they enjoy here?—A momentary gratification, to which they sacrifice all their future well-being. Here he is mentioned as a type of “the profane,” who care not for divine things, but only for the gains and pleasures of this world. Neither is it to be applied to Esau, in spite of the passages adduced by Wetstein to show that he was commonly considered a fornicator, and of Philo’s interpretation of “hairy” as “intemperate and libidinous”; v. Delitzsch. receiveth — accepts. , a profanity which was especially betrayed in his bartering for a single meal [ ] his own rights of primogeniture. The warning is pointed by the fate of Esau. Note, 2. Tradition relates that, up to the time of Aaron, priestly functions were discharged by each firstborn son (comp. This enumeration is not only not confused, but its arrangement has been well considered. See Neva Miller, The Epistle to the Hebrews: An Analytical and Exegetical Handbook, 383-89; J. Harold Greenlee, Hebrews: … Or profane person; that Isaiah, one who disregards spiritual blessings, preferring things which are seen and temporal, to those things which are unseen and eternal. In general practice it means any disciple who would try to obtain some earthly advantage out of his profession of faith in Christ. ): and so Calvin, Seb. His seniority appeared to give him a claim to be the representative of his father and grandfather, and, consequently, to obtain the high privilege of being the progenitor of Christ. His conduct affords a striking emblem of those who prefer the gratification of their appetites to the enjoyment of the eternal inheritance. Note that v. 3 is introduced by the Greek subordinating conjunction gar, which gives the grounds for the exhortation in vv. Instead of one morsel, the Greek may be more properly rendered one mess. It is so great, in fact, that it can be understood without any commentary whatsoever: its meaning is obvious for anyone who wants to understand. An example well fitted to strike horror into those Hebrews, whosoever, like Esau, were only sons of Isaac according to the flesh (Bengel). The precept is directed against impurity (Hebrews 12:16), and also against the false asceticism of men “forbidding to marry” (1 Timothy 4:3). Greek Term Paper on Exegesis of Hebrews 12 1 3 Assignment As Louis. By that epithet is meant a man regardless of sacred, things, perhaps a scoffer. ACD( δ)f Vulg. Hebrews 12:18, 19 The Inferiority of Judaism. The smallness of the inducement aggravates the guilt of casting away eternity for a trifle, so far is it from being a claim for mercy (cf. He thought so little of his rights as the older son, that he literally. And the church of the first-born written in heaven: D. c. And the spirits of just men made perfect: d. And Jesus the Mediator of the New Testament. Profane Esau! But as men become profane in various ways, the more earnest we ought to strive lest an opening be left for Satan to defile us with his corruptions. Among primitive nations the firstborn had eminent secular rights and honours; but in the Abrahamic family it implied a religious continuity of lineage, through which, according to the Abrahamic promise, Messiah was to be born. Extra Small Small Medium Large Additional Settings . Like to whom were those, Philippians 3:18 2 Peter 2:10-19 Jude 1:4-19. 16.Fornicator—Who would be eminently “a root of bitterness,” defiling the Church. Hebrews 12:16 > 16. fornicator-- (Heb 13:4; 1Co 10:8). Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. So the cases of Reuben and Saul, for evil (Genesis 49:4; 1 Chronicles 5:1; 1 Samuel 13:12-14); for good, Abraham and Phinehas (Genesis 12:1, etc. This is one of those fleshy lusts which war against the soul. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart. Hebrews 12:16) and every principle so radically corrupt as to spread corruption around. [ . Jehovah could not be the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Esau, for Esau and his line contemned him. or profane--Fornication is nearly akin to gluttony, Esau's sin. As the oldest son, Esau would have received everything from his father, but he sold all that for a single meal. Genesis 3:6). He profanely cast away his spiritual privilege for the gratification of his palate. ὡς ἠσαῦ belongs only to βέβηλος. Hebrews 6:9. ASV. desired to inherit) the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears. In these is his filthy, profane spirit improved. Note, Titus 2:12. But for one morsel of meat he sold his birthright. Hebrews 11:33, note). Some so separate, by a comma as to preclude its being an intended epithet for, . The same Greek is … for a single meal. Book of Hebrews Chapter 12 - Click for Chapter Audio: 12:16 - [ In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ] [ Original: Greek | Multi-Translation ] Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. His birthright - his own (so 'Aleph (') A C read, intensifying the suicidal guilt of the act) rights of primogeniture [ ta (Greek #3588) proototokia (Greek #4415) heautou (Greek #1438) for autou (Greek #846) in C Delta], involving the privilege of being ancestor of the promised seed, and heir of the promises in Him. For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited (i.e. Like Esau. Afterwards Esau would have inherited the blessing, and sought it carefully with tears. Weiss]. Now, the preeminence both of Jacob over Esau, and of Judah over his three elder brethren, was according to the purpose of God, as appears by the names given them at their birth. If now, through any temptation or pressure, you let go the benefits you have in Christ, you are committing yourselves to an act you cannot recall. As he had before exhorted them to holiness, so now, that he might reclaim them from defilements opposed to it, he mentions a particular kind of defilement, and says, “Lest there be any fornicator.” But he immediately comes to what is general, and adds, “or a profane person;” for it is the term that is strictly contrary to holiness. Esau said, “Isn’t he rightly named Jacob? It must also be observed that the author is confining his attention to the one act of Esau, not pronouncing on his whole life and ultimate destiny. A profane personis one who makes a temporal use of a sacred thing. Hebrews 12:1 Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, (NASB: Lockman). The Lord calls us for this end, that he may make us holy unto obedience: this is done when we renounce the world; but any one who so delights in his own filth that he continually rolls in it, profanes himself. Or if any one will have repentance referred to Esau himself, still the Novatian heretics can have no advantage in favour of their error, when they deny that sinners can repent, because Esau's tears might only be for a temporal loss, not for God's sake, nor for the guilt of his sins, so that he wanted the dispositions of a true penitent and of a contrite heart. Hebrews 12:16. Greek. Hebrews 12:16 Greek Study Bible (Apostolic / Interlinear) μή τις πόρνος ἢ βέβηλος ὡς Ἠσαῦ, ὃς ἀντὶ βρώσεως μιᾶς ἀπέδετο τὰ πρωτοτόκια ἑαυτοῦ. ; Genesis 15:5-6; Numbers 25:6-15). '” (Ephesians 5:29-31) Oh, how many give up all right to a heavenly and eternal inheritance for even a mere trifling consideration! λ. profane. - Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. Scripture Formatting × Scripture Formatting. Germ. It follows, he was rejected; that is, by his father Isaac; and found no place with him for repentance. The words must be interpreted by the narrative in Genesis (Genesis 27:1-41), where we read that some time after the sale of the birthright ( ) Esau sought the blessing with tears (Genesis 27:38, ) but found his act was unalterable. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau. ult. For want of faith men give up the Gospel; for want of faith roots of bitterness spring up in the Church and defile it; and faithless persons become so selfish and so low-minded, that the smallest worldly advantages tempt them successfully to abandon their principles: and yet the course of even the least favoured of them may end in despair—. This verse specifies some of the things referred to in general terms in the preceding one. : a man of low views, who has no appreciation of any high or divine thing: ὃς τὴν παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ τιμὴν ταύτην διὰ τῆς οἰκείας ῥᾳθυμίας ἀπέδοτο, καὶ μικρᾶς ἡδονῆς χάριν τὴν μεγίστην τιμὴν καὶ δόξαν ἀπώλεσε, Chrys.) It seems hardly possible to decide. Accordingly Jacob, in blessing his sons, passes over the three eldest, Reuben, Simeon, and Levi, on account of their conduct, and sets Judah above all his brethren. Hebrews 12:16. μή τις πόρνος … specific forms in which roots of bitterness might appear among them. Schmidt, Sykes, Cramer, Heinrichs, Bleek, De Wette, Bisping, Lünem. Some so separate fornicator by a comma as to preclude its being an intended epithet for Esau. 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